Serpent of medium size, the average length of adults varies between 120-220 cm.
The body is long and thin, with a slight flattening side, characteristic of the arboreal species, the tail is prehensile and very strong.
The head is large and well differentiated body, covered with fine scales, eyes with vertical pupils like all species of nocturnal habits and long and straight teeth. It has labial pit (termosensitivas) in the center of some labial scales.
Noted for its beautiful green coloring sheet, violet (rarely blue) or chestnut (depending on the locality of origin); With white spots on the back and a dark line that runs from the tip of the snout to the end of the head, passing through the eye. Juveniles have a coloration amarillo-limón with Brown - purple stripes. Sometimes the livery is orange.
They are nocturnal. They live in rain forests, jungles and low forests, with a minimum average of humidity of 80% and temperature 20 - 32 ° C.
They spend most of his life in the trees or shrubs. When they lie they adopt a posiING characteristic: they self-replicate body in several loops on a tree branch and supporting the head at the Center.
They hunt ambushes, pending, and may remain immobile long periods of time (2 weeks). At the moment they launch the first third of the body to capture prey. Its diet consists mainly of small mammals, lizards, amphibians, birds and insects.
Pairing in January - March and in July - September. Oviparous, as all the pythons, the female lays between February and March, after two months, females lay from ten to fifteen eggs, in a hidden place. As most of the Pythons also they incubate their implementation for a period of two to four months, by controlling the temperature by contractions and the disposition of his body rings. At birth the pups are about 30 cm.
They reach sexual maturity of two years and a half or three years of life.
Longevity: Captive reach between 10 and 15 years of life, the average lifespan of wild animals is unknown.
They live in the rainforests of New Guinea, some islands in the Cape York Peninsula and Indonesia (Aru, Schouten, and Solomon)to the North of Australia.
Notes and trivia:
Not always belonged to the genus Morelia, years were known as Chondropython. That is why many known them, especially in North America, with the name of chondros. But in 1994, in an article by Arnold Kluge is reassigned to the genus Morelia by his close relationship with this type of Pythons (as the Python folder, Morelia spilota).
Easy to be confused with the Emerald boas species (Corallus caninus). The Emerald boas are South America and have the head elongated, large and with some nose; they have scales much larger in the head and in the area of the lips, with numerous thermal pits in JAWS upper and lower until after the eyes, while the Green Pythons have head small, covered with scales more discrete and uniforms, and graves termosensibles only in the lower jaw with the exception of which is in the nose.
Obst, Fritz Jurgen; Richter, Klaus&Amp; Udo, Jacob (1988).
Completely Illustrated Atlas of Reptiles and Amphibians for the Terrarium. TFH Publications
Maxwell, Greg. The more complete chondro. ECHO editorial Publishing.
Mazorlig, Tom. The guide to owning Tree boas and tree pythons. TFH publishing.
Karl p. Schmidt & Robert F.Inger. The reptiles.
Editorial Seix Barral s.a. Barcelona 1968.
Snake Virtual encyclopedia; http://www.serpientes-snakes.com.ar
|Scientific name||Morelia viridis|
Green tree python
|Media source||Carles Muntada Godia|
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